About Iyengar Yoga
The origins of Yoga are lost in the mists of prehistory. A carving four to five thousand years old, from Mohenjo Daro in present day Pakistan, suggests that yogic practices long predate Hinduism. Although most often linked to Hinduism, yoga is in no way a religion and can be practised by those of any religion or none. It is a complete and universal discipline for the body, mind and spirit. Yoga brings health and inner peace. It comprises eight aspects: rules for social and personal conduct, the poses or asana, breath control, through meditation to enlightenment.
What is Iyengar Yoga?
The teaching of Yoga according to B.K.S. Iyengar is based mainly on the in-depth practice of Asanas, the postures of Yoga and of Pranayama, Yogic breathing. They are two of these eight aspects of Yoga.
Now over 90 years old, Mr Iyengar is the inheritor of a tradition going back more than a thousand years. His brother-in-law Krishnamacharya of Mysore was a south Indian scholar versed in Sanskrit and the Vedas who spent seven years studying asana in Tibet. Unlike most Indian yogis, Krishnamacharya taught many vigorous standing poses which have now been adopted in various western schools of yoga. He instructed the teenaged Iyengar for two to three years before sending him to teach in Pune, where he remains to this day.
Mr Iyengar, during a teaching career spanning more than sixty years, has evolved a method of teaching the classic yoga postures that is precise, progressive and accessible.
The Iyengar method
The Iyengar method is based on the teaching of Yoga according to B.K.S. Iyengar. His watchwords are precision and safety – for the health of the student and to cultivate inner awaremess.
Through a deep study of the postures, he has produced:
- a safe, progressive syllabus
- rigorous training for teachers
He is a genius at reading, treating and transforming the human form and psyche. This genius extends to his ability to make his teaching transmissible by ordinary teachers. Our job is to remain true to our training, so we can pass on his system for culturing the body, for restraining the mind and making both a vehicle for self-discovery. This great stream inevitably gets diluted but should not be mixed or merged with other currents. This is the purpose of the strict rules of the IYA.
Health for the body, peace for the mind
The Asanas develop strength and flexibility. In particular they relieve back pain, help all the organs to function well and they improve the digestive and circulatory systems.
The postures also bring relief from the effects of stress and fatigue; they help to bring about a state of deep relaxation.
Pranayama is the art of extending and controlling the breath. It brings vitality and mental balance and improves concentration. It is introduced only when students have a degree of mastery of asana, to be able to control the muscles of the chest and sit with a straight steady posture.
Meditation in action
Postures and regulation of the breath are two essential disciplines in the practice of Yoga. They bring the body and mind into contact with the light of the soul to find inner peace.
Yoga brings grace, beauty and firmness. The body is freed from tensions by stretching and movement. The breathing can become deep and even. Uniting spirit and body, the practitioner learns the art of self-observation. The intelligence and powers of perception are enhanced.
About BKS Iyengar
Mr Iyengar was born in south India in 1918. For more than 70 years he has dedicated himself to the practice and teaching of Yoga. His books have been translated into many languages and have become classic texts.
He was introduced to the West by his pupil the violinist Yehudi Menuhin and has won world wide respect as a master of Yoga. Mr Iyengar has travelled extensively and his teaching is established in every continent.
He lives in Pune in South India where his Institute was founded in 1975. Although he has retired from teaching, his son and daughter teach still under his watchful eye.
His method is both traditional and modern, proving that Yoga can be practised by men and women of all cultures; it demonstrates how this ancient science can provide effective answers to the problems of our age.
More information on the life and work of Mr Iyengar is available in our article, celebrating his 90th birthday.
For more information, see: http://www.bksiyengar.com
The Iyengar Yoga Association UK
Iyengar Yoga Associations exist throughout the world. The UK organisation was founded in 1977 to promote and regulate the teaching of Iyengar Yoga in Britain.
- Its aim is to assure the quality of teaching through training and assessment. It encourages teachers to maintain and improve their level of practice and knowledge.
- It maintains a list of registered teachers and their level of certification.
- It publishes twice yearly a journal with articles e.g. on advice for practice, technical points and news items
- It organises an annual convention with visiting guest teachers of international renown.
For more information, see: www.iyengaryoga.org.uk
Links to Iyengar Yoga resources
The Iyengar Yoga Institute, Maida Vale, London
London’s original specialist yoga centre, the Iyengar Institute in Maida Vale offers expert teaching in two airy, purpose-built studios. Sallie holds teacher training classes at the Iyengar Institute.
The Institute of Iyengar Yoga in Sussex, Brighton and Worthing
The Institute of Iyengar Yoga in Sussex (IIYS) is an organisation of Sussex based teachers and students who study the Iyengar way of practising Yoga. It has been running continuously since its inauguration in 1993 and now has about 140 members including teachers in East and West Sussex. But there are many more non-members who practise and study the subject at adult education classes in the area.
Brighton and Hove yoga is the local community of Iyengar Yoga teachers and is the place to visit to find your yoga class. The site provides you with information about local Brighton and Hove yoga teachers and their local Brighton and Hove yoga classes/class.